The Hudson River Wine Region is referred to as the most complex geological regions of the world. Located parallel to northern Spain, southern France and central Italy, warm ocean breezes extend the growing season to between 180 – 196 days.

The steep Palisades are an important conduit of this maritime air and weather generated by the Atlantic Ocean.

The Hudson River is a tidal estuary, which expanse serves a dual purpose. The flowing water helps keep the climate temperate, and the valley serves as a conduit for maritime breezes from the south.

Glacial deposits of shale, slate, schist and limestone form the soil throughout the region, which
is in a geological division known as Taconic Province.